STONEFLOWER KABBALAH

StoneFlower Kabbalah
A site based on the healing of the ancient wisdom of the Geocentric worldview. The understanding of sacred texts and wisdom is based on a relationship to the Source. This Central Source is the Fount from which the three distinct movements of the Earth globe flow. These three turns-rotation,revolution and precession are a great secret/sod and key to the profound teachings of the mekubalim/kabbalists. These movements provide us with the experience of shanah/time, olam/matter and nephesh/soul(being). The Earth turn called precession is the slow wobble that causes the polar skies to change slowly over a 26,000 year cycle.
The chart of "72" names relates to this great cycle and is a key to unlocking where we are in "time".

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah with Pluto/ASHMODAI dancing on the ecliptic

The planet Pluto crosses the Earth's ecliptic today(see image) at his own south node. When the planet was first observed in 1931 it was transiting it's own north node and fascism was on the rise on the global socio-political scene. Now he is on his own south node as it has been for a a couple years and again we are challenged openly with the deranged imbalanced power of a few wishing to control others and the resources of the Earth. As stated on this blog the Earth is an embodiment of the divine realm and the sky is her projection in space. What is known as the name of "72" in the Hebrew wisdom lineage is also a chart of the 72 five degree sections of sky called quinaries. We may use this map to understand our progression in the work of making the world a safe place for children. We may use the chart of the 72 names to track the rise and fall of civilizations by watching the slow moving nodal axis of Pluto and also the physical planet's movements. For the next several months till December 2018 the planet will finish the transit of the special 58th quinarie- yod-yod-lamed which is mentioned in the Zohar(on Beshalach) specifically in regards to this "battle" for goodness to prevail in the world. The entire Jewish ceremonial calendar is related to the 247 year cycle of the physical planet Pluto in that 13 full 19 year cycles of the Jewish lunar calendar(13X19=247) equal one solar revolution of Pluto. The inner make-up of the planet Pluto being closely related to the core of our holy Earth is also a key in all this (see image of it's core). The planet Pluto as well as Uranus and Neptune were all predicted in the ancient book called the Sepher Yetzirah(the three mother letters-Aeph/Mem/Shin). They are part of the special shape of the world and a key to understanding how the soul realm is connected to the physical world. The calendar dynamic is an astounding synchronicity and is covered in this
Pluto today crossing now the Earth's ecliptic


Pluto's Iron-Nickel core
Turtle Talks Torah blog. This is about what the Rashbi calls the completion of the Moon and the entering of the epoch where goodness prevails on Earth. We pray for Peace!

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah for the New Moon - Rosh Chodesh of Av/month of the Lion/Aryeh

Recovering both eyes of the Moon may be understood as what has been the work of the wisdom lineages and the religions that grew around them. There are many names for this "work" as in the "Tikkun" or Hebrew word for the repair of the world and the "magnum opus" or great work in western hermetic traditions. There are also many variations on how the Moon lost her original light and why. These include the Jewish talmudic midrashim and Zohar as well as diverse ancient traditions from Australia, Europe, India and Egypt. Here is a beautiful Pueblo Indian legend regarding the loss of an eye of the Moon. Not mentioned here is how the work of the sacred Twins(Born of Water and Monster Slayer in Dine and the Kerubim/Cherubim-Teomim/Twins in Hebrew)) involves the recovering of both eyes and a healed world.
THE MOTHER MOON
"AND do you know why it is that the Moon has but one eye? It is a short story, but one of the most poetic and beautiful in all the pretty folklore of the Pueblos.
P'áh-hlee-oh, the Moon-Maiden, was the Tée-wahn Eve 1--the first and loveliest woman in all the world. She had neither father nor mother, sister nor brother; and in her fair form were the seeds of all humanity--of all life and love and goodness. The Trues, who are the unseen spirits that are above all, made T'hoor-íd-deh, the Sun, who was to be father of all things; and because he was alone, they made for him a companion, the first to be of maids, the first to be a wife. From them began the world and all that is in it; and all their children were strong and good. Very happy were the Father-all and the Mother-all, as they watched their happy brood. He guarded them by day and she by night--only there was no night, for then the Moon had two eyes, and saw as clearly as the Sun, and with glance as bright. It was all as one long day of golden light. The birds flew always, the flowers never shut, the young people danced and sang, and none knew how to rest.
But at last the Trues thought better. For the endless light grew heavy to the world's young eyes that knew no tender lids of night. And the Trues said:
"It is not well, for so there is no sleep, and the world is very tired. We must not keep the Sun and Moon seeing alike. Let us put out one of his eyes, that there may be darkness for half the time, and then his children can rest." And they called T'hoor-íd-deh and P'áh-hlee-oh before them to say what must be done.
But when she heard that, the Moon-Mother wept for her strong and handsome husband, and cried:
"No! No! Take my eyes, for my children, but do not blind the Sun! He is the father, the provider--and how shall he watch against harm, or how find us game without his bright eyes? Blind me, and keep him all-seeing.
And the Trues said: "It is well, daughter." And so they took away one of her eyes, so that she could never see again so well. Then night came upon the tired earth, and the flowers and birds and people slept their first sleep, and it was very good. But she who first had the love of children, and paid for them with pain as mother's pay, she did not grow ugly by her sacrifice. Nay, she is lovelier than ever, and we all love her to this day. For the Trues are good to her, and gave her in place of the bloom of girlhood the beauty that is only in the faces of mothers.


So mother-pale above us
She bends, her watch to keep,
Who of her sight dear-bought the night
To give her children sleep."
From Sacred-Texts online

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah with the Angel on the derech/road in parsha Balak

This weeks Torah portion mentions a sacred "star"-Kochab-comet- that appears(already appeared in 1990/5750 as discussed elsewhere) and will eventually heal the entire world after some contentious times. According to the Sepher HaZohar commentary these times after the star first appears includes the rise of a HAUGHTY ARROGANT WORLD RULER(words from the original text) who will provoke all the other "kings" around the world. Then a portion of the "holy land"(actually AMERICA) will shake "45"-FORTY-FIVE miles round the (new) Temple(Rashbi explains elsewhere this is not a temple building like the first two) and it all ends shortly with the dominion of a "lofty branch"(tzemach) whose influence in wisdom will be Peace.This branch emerges with a fire from a hidden cave. Remember the Rashbi's yahrzeit this year-May3rd(Lag B'Omer)-saw the beginning of the Kileau volcano eruption. The "45" in our case now is a "kellipah" or shell of impurity/falsehood. It is The shadow of the sacred "45" count of HaShem's name spelled with alephs which is EMET-TRUTH. Yod-vav-daleth;heh-aleph;vav-aleph-vav;heh-aleph. The three alephs in the name spelled this way are the intials of Emet/Truth-Ohr/light and Adam/human. This scenario is mentioned in Rashbi's commentary in the Sepher HaZohar- Ashlag translation. The bloggers own interpretation from our times.
Rav Ashlag's translation and kabbalah center printing(2001)

Thursday, June 21, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah with the Tenth Red Heifer made all white/purified

The birth of the first ever all white female bison heifer in August of 1994 meant we had entered the period of time that Jews call the geulah- the redemptive epoch. For Native American peoples it was a sign that the divine being called White Bison Calf Woman was bringing us into a new epoch as she had promised. She is identical with who Jews call the Shechinah- the female presence of the divine on Earth, the one who brings in the Sabbath. She is also called the Etz Chaiim-the Tree of Life. This was the beginning of a forty year process into a world of Peace. Jews discuss these summer weeks about the worship of a golden calf mentioned in Torah. Also how the difficult rite of the red heifer was a kippurah/atonement for the worship of the idol. They also discuss how even Solomon claimed to not understand the red heifer rite- that it did purify but those producing it were themselves made "impure". Even Solomon did not understand that a global migration of peoples was a part of the test. To move beyond racism and tribal hatred. That a prayerful beautiful people on the other side of the Earth also had an experience of the divine One coming here and teaching them how to live a wholesome kind life which includes welcoming the stranger and breaking bread with them. The White Bison calf named "Miracle" was the TENTH RED HEIFER- purified of the red tinge of judgment and made all white. There is no more need for animal sacrifices. Or of breeding cows to be born all red so they may be killed and used in the rite. Kindness and acceptance between peoples is what we need. The reason why the making of the red heifer caused impurity is just a hint at how all the world's religions and their rites produce a continual "golden calf" so to speak. This is where people start worshiping their own religion, culture and religious "form" and mistake that for the true worship of the One Source of love.They mistake the vehicle for the destination.Religion is a vehicle to bring us into closeness with the holiness and Source of life. May today and this Sabbath bring us closer to this understanding.

Sunday, June 17, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah with the Mouths created in the Twilight of the First Shabbat


In preparing a teaching on the three parts of the Torah that Jews around the world sing and study this time of year a teaching on how to better listen to the Earth comes to mind. Jews also study certain verses from the Talmud these weeks called "Sayings of the Fathers"(Pirke Avot) and here are three "items" mentioned that are said to have been created in the twilight of the first Sabbath.
"Ten things were created at twilight on the eve of the first Sabbath:
· The mouth of the earth (Numbers 16:32);(prsha Korach)
· The mouth of the well (Numbers 21:16);(prsha Chukas)
· The mouth of the donkey (Numbers 22:28);(prsha Balak)"
Since they were created at the special beginning of the Sabbath they hold secrets as to how to understand and help bring in a world where Peace and kindness will have a greater "dominion" than the thirst for power and control of others.
Each of these "mouths" has a natural form but it's miraculous nature was because it performed at a function above it's normal status. So the earth always has the ability to open and swallow people but it did so in the Torah story at an ordained moment in time and space. Likewise rocks often are like a mouth to a spring or well of flowing water but the one that Miriam is said to have traveled with for the people in the wilderness, gave water whenever it was needed. Also all animals have mouths but the mouth of Balaam's donkey spoke with a human voice when needed to warn him of what he could not see. So each "mouth" was able to function at a higher level with a divine intervention.
It appears that with the eruption of this Hawaiian volcano synchronous with a special Jewish holiday/Lag B'Omer/May 3rd and in it's continuing with quite interesting developments, that the "mouth of the Earth" is speaking to us again.
This is in honor of my father who loved the Torah.
Golden hair from the Hawaii volvano



https://www.sfgate.com/science/article/peles-hair-kilauea-hawaii-eruption-lava-big-island-12998917.php

Wednesday, June 13, 2018

Turtle Talks Torah of green gems/Pitdah and the open mouth of the Holy Earth/Korach

Gems of the Torah/Bible-Olivine
Olivine crystal is one of the special gemstones found on the Choshen, the breastplate(of judgment) of the Hebrew priesthood. It is also a gem now known to be found in certain comets which is alluded to in the ancient text, Sepher HaZohar in parsha Terumah:" In the Book of the Wisdom of the East, it says, speaking of certain stars which form a tail(comets) in the firmament, that on Earth there are herbs, of the kind that are called "elixirs of Life", and precious stones(gems like olivine), and fine gold, which forms within the breast of high mountains(breastplate-Kohanim), under shallow water-which are all ruled by those comets by whose influence they grow and increase...it is the glance of that luminous tail which such stars trail after them across the sky that causes those things to flourish." Zohar Terumah folio II 171b.(Simon & Levertoff translation) This is directly connected to the Kochab of Yakov(Star of Jacob) spoken of in the parsha this month of Balak in Torah. The mouth of the Earth(who swallowed Korach and his band in this weeks Torah Parsha) is open again. maybe this is how those folks are being reawakened in the redemptive process as predicted by some sages. The artcle linked below explains how these green gems are coming up out of the Hawaii volcano and "raining" back down on the Earth.
The gem Olivine/chrysolite is called Pitdah in the Hebrew of the Torah.https://www.yahoo.com/news/hawaii-apos-kilauea-volcano-shooting-213542767.htmlGem of the Torah/bible
https://www.yahoo.com/news/hawaii-apos-kilauea-volcano-shooting-213542767.html

As we have discussed that the volcano began this eruption on the Jewish holiday of lag B'Omer which celebrates the inner fires that awaken knowledge and the yahrzeit of the Rashbi who authored the text that discusses the gemstone connection between the Earth and the stars/Shamayim=heavens of the soul realm. The eruption is said to possibly last months and we will watch closely as to what part of the Jewish festival year cycle this covers. Olivine is an iron rich crystal and also is directly connected to this medicine wheel that is linked to an entire section of the Sepher HaZohar. This wheel contains the four special mletals including barzel/iron in it's inner circle- the four elements- fire,earth,air and water in the middle wheel and the compass points in the outer wheel. The Hebrew name of the metal iron-Barzel is an acronym for the four wives of Jacob=Bilhah/Rachel/Zilpah and Leah. They hold the garment of the Shechinah- who is the presence of HaShem-the Source of love on Earth.
Medicine wheel from the text Sepher Eshel Avraham(1701ce)








Is Hawaii's Kilauea volcano shooting green gems into the air?

Mark Kaufman









Embedded in the lava still spewing some 130 feet into the air from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano are green crystals. 
Called olivine, these minerals can turn Hawaiian beaches green, and it appears some of the green gems are raining down upon homes near the eruption or popping up near lava flows.
"Yes, the lava that is erupting now is very crystal-rich and it is quite possible that residents might be finding olivine," Cheryl Gansecki, a geologist at the University of Hawaii-Hilo that studies the composition of Kilauea's lava, said over email. 
"It can be carried in the pumice [rapidly cooled lava] pieces that have been rained all over the area," she noted, or left behind when weaker lava rocks are crushed by cars or foot traffic. 
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist Wendy Stovall, who was out studying Kilauea last week, also confirmed that recent lava samples do contain olivine, though she didn't happen upon any separated green crystals herself. 
Other folks in the area, however, appear to be collecting the tiny green gems as they see them:









View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Friends of mine live in Hawaii, right next to the area impacted by the most recent lava flows. In the midst of the destruction nearby & stress of the unknown, they woke up to this - tiny pieces of olivine all over the ground. It is literally raining gems. Nature is truly amazing.
It's certainly not unusual to find olivine crystals in most any Hawaiian lava rock, both new and ancient. 
"It's pretty common," Stovall said in an interview. "There’s often olivine in rocks all over Hawaii."
And this olivine can become completely separated from lava rocks in a variety of ways.
Sometimes the crystals can be simply weathered out from old lava rocks. Or, in the case of green-tinged Hawaiian beaches, lava can erupt through ocean water in steamy, explosive events, breaking the lava into smaller pieces and fast-tracking the separation process, said Stovall. 














Small green olivine crystals on a Big Island beach.

Image: Stanley Mertzman
But in the case of this olivine presumably falling down on property near the eruption, the crystals "just kind of fall out" as lava is spewed into the air, said Stovall.
"The olivine crystals folks are finding on the ground scattered about are from violently ejected basalt [a type of lava] blobs wherein the embedded, earlier-formed olivine crystals are freed from their surrounding pahoehoe [syrupy lava] basalt liquid," Stanley Mertzman, a volcanologist at Franklin and Marshall College, said over email.
Both violent ejections on land and from lava flowing into the ocean can "produce freed individual olivine crystals that people can pick up any time," said Mertzman.














Olivine crystals embedded in a Hawaiian lava rock.

Image: Stanley Mertzman
The crystals may be flying through the air from exploded bits of lava, but it's unlikely they're also coming from the volcano's summit, where there's been a large plume of steam and ash erupting from the crater — and at times rare, explosive eruptions
"One thing I can say is that olivine is not raining out of the plume," Michael Poland, a USGS volcanologist, said over email.
Poland added that olivine is common on the ground regardless, because roads in Hawaii are made up of ground up olivine-rich lava rock.














A June 6 plume from Kilauea's crater, Halema‘uma‘u.

Image: usgs
The little crystals, however, are not being created during the eruption. They've been formed deep underground long ago, brewing in the molten rock. 
"It really is one of the first things to form," said Stovall. 
And olivine might not be the only crystal falling down inside the nearby neighborhood.
"It's possible that other crystals are being found," said Stovall, adding that a USGS rock specialist said olivine is difficult to tell apart from another common crystal, called clinopyroxene.
It's also quite possible nearby islanders will continue to find semi-translucent crystals on the ground. The eruption, over a month old now, shows no signs of relenting, and could very well last months — or longer.
and from an article by NASA three years ago:Green sand found on the big island of Hawaii resembles olivine crystals in the icy interior of comet Tempel 1, according to a NASA astrophysicist.

comet temple 1

Gemini mid-infrared, false color images of comet Tempel 1 minutes before impact (left), 3 hours after (center) and 24 hours after impact (right.) This image can be used for personal, educational, non-profit use and news media stories, according to Gemini. For all other uses and to confirm Gemini policies, please review the Gemini web site at http://www.gemini.edu/, or contact Gemini directly. Image credit to: Gemini Observatory/AURA.

Scientists revealed that they detected green silicate crystals (olivine) in Tempel 1 similar to, but smaller than, Hawaiian green sand particles, according to articles by the researchers in the September 15, 2005 issue of the journal Science Express. They made their observations before, during and after the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft's 820-pound 'impactor' collided with the comet in early July 2005, as planned, so astronomers could determine what is in comets. The papers outline findings scientists made using infrared detectors on the Gemini and Subaru telescopes in Hawaii.

"The silicate crystals are talcum powder-size, but they are made of the same materials as the green sand beaches in Hawaii," said Diane Wooden, a co-author of both papers. She is an astrophysicist at NASA Ames Research Center, located in California's Silicon Valley. The principal author of the Gemini Telescope paper is David Harker, University of California, San Diego. Seiji Sugita of the University of Tokyo is the principal author of the second Subaru Telescope paper.

"Following the collision of the comet with the 'impactor,' there was a short-lived gas geyser associated with the impact site that carried the crystals from Tempel 1 into space," Wooden said. "The Gemini and the Subaru telescopes are two of the biggest in the world, and we were able to focus in on the green dust particles in the jet and ejecta – something that most space-borne telescopes could not see in infrared light," she noted.

"The insides of comet Tempel 1 look very much like the outsides of comets that have not been 'cooked' by passages close to the sun," Wooden said. She explained that there might be green silicates on the surfaces of comets that swarm in the outer reaches of the solar system and are not exposed to intense sunshine.

Another comet, Hale-Bopp, was so active that it released green silicate crystals as it passed close to the sun in 1997, according to Wooden.

green crystals"However, the Deep Impact spacecraft's 'impactor' had to blast the green silicate crystals from the interior of the comet Tempel 1 for us to see them with our ground-based instruments," she noted.

Olivine particles are from the Green Sand Beach in Hawaii. Photo Credit: NASA Ames Research Center, Tom Trower.

Tempel 1 travels close to the sun during part of the comet's orbit, and strong sunlight hits the comet, causing its surface gases and other particles to fly off into space. These particles are what make up a comet's tail, which forms nearer the sun. "In Tempel 1's case, it has passed near the sun so many times that it has lost much of its surface gases and particles," said Wooden.

"What's incredible to me is that the surface – or maybe the fluffiness of the body of Tempel 1 -- is protecting the primitive particles and gases just below the surface from being out-gassed," ventured Wooden.

"We discovered crystalline silicates in the dust that flew from the comet after its collision with the Deep Impact 'impactor.' We don't usually see these silicates in comets that have been 'cooked' by the sun," Wooden explained.

Digital images of olivine particles from a green sand beach in Hawaii and other images related to this story can be found at:

A movie is available on-line that shows the collision of the comet with Deep Impact's projectile:
John Bluck
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.
Phone: 650/604-5026
E-mail: jbluck@mail.arc.nasa.gov
NASA Research Finds Green Sand Crystals Are in Comet Tempel 1
09.15.05
GIs Hawaii's Kilauea volcano shooting green gems into the air?
Mark Kaufman
,Mashable•June 12, 2018

Embedded in the lava still spewing some 130 feet into the air from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano are green crystals.

Called olivine, these minerals can turn Hawaiian beaches green, and it appears some of the green gems are raining down upon homes near the eruption or popping up near lava flows.

"Yes, the lava that is erupting now is very crystal-rich and it is quite possible that residents might be finding olivine," Cheryl Gansecki, a geologist at the University of Hawaii-Hilo that studies the composition of Kilauea's lava, said over email.

SEE ALSO: Lava transforms a Hawaiian bay into a blackened peninsula

"It can be carried in the pumice [rapidly cooled lava] pieces that have been rained all over the area," she noted, or left behind when weaker lava rocks are crushed by cars or foot traffic.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist Wendy Stovall, who was out studying Kilauea last week, also confirmed that recent lava samples do contain olivine, though she didn't happen upon any separated green crystals herself.

Other folks in the area, however, appear to be collecting the tiny green gems as they see them:

View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Erin Jordan
@ErinJordan_WX
 Friends of mine live in Hawaii, right next to the area impacted by the most recent lava flows. In the midst of the destruction nearby & stress of the unknown, they woke up to this - tiny pieces of olivine all over the ground. It is literally raining gems. Nature is truly amazing.

6:14 AM - Jun 11, 2018
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966 people are talking about this
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GEOetc
@GEOetc2
 Some olivines that popped out of an a'a flow.  Kilauea's little gems.  #hawaii #kilauea #olivine #lovevolcanoes http://www.geoetc.com

3:47 PM - Jun 10, 2018
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It's certainly not unusual to find olivine crystals in most any Hawaiian lava rock, both new and ancient.

"It's pretty common," Stovall said in an interview. "There’s often olivine in rocks all over Hawaii."

And this olivine can become completely separated from lava rocks in a variety of ways.

Sometimes the crystals can be simply weathered out from old lava rocks. Or, in the case of green-tinged Hawaiian beaches, lava can erupt through ocean water in steamy, explosive events, breaking the lava into smaller pieces and fast-tracking the separation process, said Stovall.

Small green olivine crystals on a Big Island beach.
Small green olivine crystals on a Big Island beach.
More
Image: Stanley Mertzman

But in the case of this olivine presumably falling down on property near the eruption, the crystals "just kind of fall out" as lava is spewed into the air, said Stovall.

"The olivine crystals folks are finding on the ground scattered about are from violently ejected basalt [a type of lava] blobs wherein the embedded, earlier-formed olivine crystals are freed from their surrounding pahoehoe [syrupy lava] basalt liquid," Stanley Mertzman, a volcanologist at Franklin and Marshall College, said over email.

Both violent ejections on land and from lava flowing into the ocean can "produce freed individual olivine crystals that people can pick up any time," said Mertzman.

Olivine crystals embedded in a Hawaiian lava rock.
Olivine crystals embedded in a Hawaiian lava rock.
More
Image: Stanley Mertzman

The crystals may be flying through the air from exploded bits of lava, but it's unlikely they're also coming from the volcano's summit, where there's been a large plume of steam and ash erupting from the crater — and at times rare, explosive eruptions.

"One thing I can say is that olivine is not raining out of the plume," Michael Poland, a USGS volcanologist, said over email.

Poland added that olivine is common on the ground regardless, because roads in Hawaii are made up of ground up olivine-rich lava rock.

A June 6 plume from Kilauea's crater, Halema‘uma‘u.
A June 6 plume from Kilauea's crater, Halema‘uma‘u.
More
Image: usgs

The little crystals, however, are not being created during the eruption. They've been formed deep underground long ago, brewing in the molten rock.

"It really is one of the first things to form," said Stovall.

And olivine might not be the only crystal falling down inside the nearby neighborhood.

"It's possible that other crystals are being found," said Stovall, adding that a USGS rock specialist said olivine is difficult to tell apart from another common crystal, called clinopyroxene.

It's also quite possible nearby islanders will continue to find semi-translucent crystals on the ground. The eruption, over a month old now, shows no signs of relenting, and could very well last months — or longer.
NASA Research Finds Green Sand Crystals Are in Comet Tempel 109.15.05

Green sand found on the big island of Hawaii resembles olivine crystals in the icy interior of comet Tempel 1, according to a NASA astrophysicist.

comet temple 1

Gemini mid-infrared, false color images of comet Tempel 1 minutes before impact (left), 3 hours after (center) and 24 hours after impact (right.) This image can be used for personal, educational, non-profit use and news media stories, according to Gemini. For all other uses and to confirm Gemini policies, please review the Gemini web site at http://www.gemini.edu/, or contact Gemini directly. Image credit to: Gemini Observatory/AURA.

Scientists revealed that they detected green silicate crystals (olivine) in Tempel 1 similar to, but smaller than, Hawaiian green sand particles, according to articles by the researchers in the September 15, 2005 issue of the journal Science Express. They made their observations before, during and after the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft's 820-pound 'impactor' collided with the comet in early July 2005, as planned, so astronomers could determine what is in comets. The papers outline findings scientists made using infrared detectors on the Gemini and Subaru telescopes in Hawaii.

"The silicate crystals are talcum powder-size, but they are made of the same materials as the green sand beaches in Hawaii," said Diane Wooden, a co-author of both papers. She is an astrophysicist at NASA Ames Research Center, located in California's Silicon Valley. The principal author of the Gemini Telescope paper is David Harker, University of California, San Diego. Seiji Sugita of the University of Tokyo is the principal author of the second Subaru Telescope paper.

"Following the collision of the comet with the 'impactor,' there was a short-lived gas geyser associated with the impact site that carried the crystals from Tempel 1 into space," Wooden said. "The Gemini and the Subaru telescopes are two of the biggest in the world, and we were able to focus in on the green dust particles in the jet and ejecta – something that most space-borne telescopes could not see in infrared light," she noted.

"The insides of comet Tempel 1 look very much like the outsides of comets that have not been 'cooked' by passages close to the sun," Wooden said. She explained that there might be green silicates on the surfaces of comets that swarm in the outer reaches of the solar system and are not exposed to intense sunshine.

Another comet, Hale-Bopp, was so active that it released green silicate crystals as it passed close to the sun in 1997, according to Wooden.

green crystals "However, the Deep Impact spacecraft's 'impactor' had to blast the green silicate crystals from the interior of the comet Tempel 1 for us to see them with our ground-based instruments," she noted.

Olivine particles are from the Green Sand Beach in Hawaii. Photo Credit: NASA Ames Research Center, Tom Trower.

Tempel 1 travels close to the sun during part of the comet's orbit, and strong sunlight hits the comet, causing its surface gases and other particles to fly off into space. These particles are what make up a comet's tail, which forms nearer the sun. "In Tempel 1's case, it has passed near the sun so many times that it has lost much of its surface gases and particles," said Wooden.

"What's incredible to me is that the surface – or maybe the fluffiness of the body of Tempel 1 -- is protecting the primitive particles and gases just below the surface from being out-gassed," ventured Wooden.

"We discovered crystalline silicates in the dust that flew from the comet after its collision with the Deep Impact 'impactor.' We don't usually see these silicates in comets that have been 'cooked' by the sun," Wooden explained.

Digital images of olivine particles from a green sand beach in Hawaii and other images related to this story can be found at:
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/multimedia/images/2005/olivine.html


A movie is available on-line that shows the collision of the comet with Deep Impact's projectile:
http://www.nasa.gov/mov/121527main_MRI_impact.mov



John Bluck
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.
Phone: 650/604-5026
E-mail: jbluck@mail.arc.nasa.gov